In 1533 A.D., during the rule of Bikramjeet, came the second attack from Bahadur
Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat. Once again Jauhar was led by Rani Karanavati, a Bundi
princess. Her infant son, Udai Singh was smuggled out of Chittaur to Bundi who survived
to inherit the throne of the citadel.
He learnt from his traumatic childhood that discretion is preferred to valour. So
in, 1567 A.D. when the Mughal Emperor invaded Chittaur, Udai Singh fled to establish
a new Capital, Udaipur-a beautiful lake city, leaving behind Chittaur to be defended
by two 16 year old heroes, Jaimal of Bednore and Patta of Kelwa.
These young men displayed true Rajput chivalry and died after ‘Jauhar’ was performed.
Immediately thereafter Akbar razed the fort to rubble. Chittaur was never inhabited
again but it always asserted the heroic spirit of Rajput warriors.
History of Chittorhgarh
Chittorgarh is one of the most fiercely contested seats of power in India.About
72 miles (115 km) east of Udaipur, stands Chittor. With its formidable fortifications,Bappa
Rawal, the legendary founder of the Sisodia dynasty, received Chittor in the middle
of the eighth century, as part of the last Solanki princess's dowry. It crowns
a seven-mile- long hill, covering 700 acres (280 hectares), with its fortifications,
temples, towers and palaces.
From the eighth to the 16th century, Bappa Rawal's descendants ruled over an
important kingdom called Mewar stretching from Gujarat to Ajmer. But during these
eight centuries the seemingly impregnable Chittor was surrounded, overrun, and sacked
Sacks of Chittor: In 1303 Allauddin khilji, Sultan of Delhi, intrigued by tales
of the matchless beauty of Padmini, Rani of Chittor, of her wit and charm, decided
to verify this himself. His armies surrounded Chittor, and the sultan sent a message
to Rana Rattan Singh, Padmini's husband, to say that he would spare the city
if he could meet its famous queen. The compromise finally reached was that the sultan
could look upon Padmini's reflection if he came unarmed into the fort. Accordingly,
the sultan went up the hill and glimpsed a reflection of the beautiful Padmini standing
by a lotus pool. He thanked his host who courteously escorted Allauddin down to
the outer gate-where the sultan's men waited in ambush to take the rana hostage.
There was consternation in Chittor until Padmini devised a plan. A messenger informed
the sultan that the rani would come to him. Dozens of curtained palanquins set off
down the hill, each carried by six humble bearers. Once inside the Sultan's
camp, four well-armed Rajput warriors leaped out of each palanquin and each lowly
palanquin bearer drew a sword.In the ensuing battle, Rana Rattan Singh was rescued-but
7,000 Rajput warriors died. The sultan now attacked Chittor with renewed vigor.
Having lost 7,000 of its best warriors, Chittor could not hold out. Surrender was
unthinkable. The rani and her entire entourage of women, the wives of generals and
soldiers, sent their children into hiding with loyal retainers. They then dressed
their wedding fine, slid their farewells and singing ancient hymns, boldly entered
the mahal and performed jauhar.
The men, watching with expressionless faces, then donned saffron robes, smeared
the holy ashes of their women on their foreheads, flung open the gates of the fort
and thundered down the hill into the enemy ranks, to fight to the death.The second
sack or shake (sacrifice) of Chittor, by which Rajput’s still swear when pledging
their word, occurred in 1535, when Sultan Bahadur Shan Of Gujarat attacked the fort.
Rana Kumbha: Rana Kumbha (1433-68) was a versatile man a brilliant, poet and musician.
He built mewar upto a position of assailable military strength building a chain
of thirty forts that girdled the kingdom But, perhaps more important was a patron
of the arts to rival Lorenzo de Medici, and he made Chittorgarh a dazzling cultural
center whose fame spread right across Hindustan.
Rana Sanga: Rana Sanga (reigned 1509-27) was a warrior and a man of great chivalry
and honor reign was marked by a series of continual battles, in course of which
he is said to have lost one arm and had been crippled in one leg and received eighty-four
wounds on his body. The last of his battles was again Mughal invader, Babur, in
1527. Deserted by one ofgenerals, Rana Sanga was wounded in the battle and shortly
Maharana Pratap: Over the next half-century, most other Rajput rulers allowed them
to be wooed the Mughals; Mewar alone held out. In 1567 Emperor Akbar decided to
teach it a lesson: he attacked Chittorgarh razed it to the ground. Five years later
Maharana Pratap (reigned 1572-97) came to rule Mewar - a king without a capital.
He continued to defy Akbar, and in 1576, confronted the imperial armies at Haldighati.The
battle ended in a stalemate and Maharana Pratap and his followers withdrew to the
craggy hills of Mewar, from where they continued to harrass the Mughals through
guerilla warfare for the next twenty years. Maharana Pratap made his descendants
vow that they would not sleep on beds, nor live in palaces, nor eat off metal utensils,
until Chittorgarh had been regained.In fact, right into the 20th century the maharanas
of Mewar continued to place a leaf platter under their regular utensils and a reed
mat under their beds in symbolic continuance of this vow.
When news of Maharana Pratap's death reached Emperor Akbar in 1597, it is said
that the Emperor's eyes filled with tears, and he ordered his court poet to
compose a poem in honor of his gallant foe.