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Alwar :: City Information

Alwar - weather1

Best Travel Duration

In Summer: 41 C (Max) - 28 C (Min)
In winter: 23 C (Max) - 8 C (Min)
The normal annual rainfall in the district is 57.77 cms.
The average humidity: 70%

October to March

History of Alwar

The local Rajput rulers of Alwar had a sweet-bitter relation with the rulers of Delhi in the early medieval period and there was a constant struggle to take control of Alwar. As Alwar was located at a strategic place, the Mughals annexed it and used it to mount military campaigns against the erstwhile Rajput principalities and states. The decline of the Mughal rule saw a brief struggle between Jat and Rajput rulers. Later Pratap Singh, a noble, restored parity in 1775. The descendents of Pratap Singh were great patrons of art and under their rule Alwar became an important cultural center. The later rulers forged an alliance with the British that soon broke off, with the latter taking over Alwar.

History of Alwar

The erstwhile state of Alwar, in north-eastern Rajasthan, is possibly the oldest kingdom in kingdom-studded Rajasthan. In 1500 BC it formed part of the Matsya territories of Viratnagar (present-day Bairat), which also encompassed Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli.

History becomes inextricably bound with mythology, as it was here in the ancient kingdom of Matsya that the Kauravas embarked on the cattle-rustling mission which precipitated the war between and their kinsfolk, the Pandavas. This battle forms the basis of the Mahabharat.

The city of Alwar is believed to have founded by a member of the Kachh family who hailed from Amber, but control was wrested from the Kachhwahas of Nikumbhas. They in ruin lost the city to Bada Gurjara Rajputs of Machari. It passed to the Khanzadas, under Bahadur Nahara of Mewat, who converted from Hinduism to Islam to win the favour of Emperor Tughlaq of Delhi. At this time, Alwar was part of the kingdom of Mewat.

Descendants of Bahadura Nahara defended the Alwar fort against the Muslims in 1427. Alwar's fortunes were inextric bound with those of Mewat, which was contiguous with Delhi. Although the Mewat leaders professed the Muslim faith, he continues to ally himself with the Rajputs.

As Alwar located on the strategic south-western side of Delhi, this of course rankled with Mughals, who mounted numerous miliitary forays into the region, conquere it after great difficulty. Alwar was later granted to Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur by Aurangzeb. It was retaken when the emperor visited the city and noted the great strategical virtue of its fortress.

The Jats of Bharatpur then threw their hat into the ring, briefly overrunning the region, and installing themselves in the Alwar fort. They were evicted by the Lalawat Narukas (descendants of the Kachhwaha prince of Amber, Naru) between 1775 and 1782 under the leadership of the Naruka thakur (noble) Pratap Singh. His descendants were great patrons of the arts , commissioning the transcription of numerous sacred and scholarly texts and encouraging painters and artisans to visit the Alwar court.

In 1803, the British awarded the Alwar thakur with the title of maharaja as thanks for their support in a battle against the Marathas. This friendly alliance was short-lived, however, with the maharaja of Alwar strongly resenting British interference in governance when a British Resident was installed in the city.

Following Independence, Alwar was merged with the other princely states of Bharatpur, Karauli and Dholpur, forming the United State of Matsya, a name which reflected the fact that those states all comprised the ancient Matsya kingdom.

In 1949, Matsya was merged with the state of Rajasthan.

Places to Visit at Alwar

Bala Quila - the Fort

Description: Bala Quila - the Fort

This huge fort is famous for its history, which predates the Moghul rulers. It runs 5 km from north to south, and nearly 2 km from east to west, standing 304 meters above the city
Some of the Moghul rulers (like Babar) are reported to have stayed there before it reverted back to the Rajput rulers in the 18th century. The fort is circumscribed with several gates (called Pols) a few of which are named after various personalities. e.g. Jai Pol, Laxman Pol, Suraj Pol

Vinay Vilas Mahal (the palace complex)

Description: Vinay Vilas Mahal (the palace complex)

The palace complex is situated just below the Fort but some of it has been converted into Govt. offices. The palace dates back to the 18th century and is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture.
Part of the complex houses the museum where a rich part of it's history has been preserved.

Government Museum

Description: Government Museum

The museum has a wonderful collection of Mughal and Rajput paintings, rare art objects and miniature writings. The weaponry in use at the time can also be seen and is a reminder of the bloody battles that have been fought in these beautiful surroundings. The museum remains closed to the public on Fridays and public holidays.


How To Get To Alwar

By Road:


Alwar is well connected to different cities around it by road. Alwar is linked with Sariska, Bharatpur, Deeg and Jaipur by road.

By Rail:


An exciting and exotic train runs from Delhi to Alwar. It is the famous Fairy Queen, which is the oldest running steam locomotive in the world. The hospitality and the luxury of this toy train are exceptional. It takes about 3-4 hours to reach Alwar.