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Ajmer :: City Information

Ajmer - weather

Best Travel Duration1

In Summer: 45 C (Max) - 25 C (Min)
In winter: 18 C (Max) - 4C (Min)
Rainy Season from July to Mid Sept, and very humid (upto 90%)

October to March

History of Ajmer

Ajmer city was founded by Ajaipal Chauhan in early 7th century. It was named Ajaimeru - The Invincible Hill. Ajmer was the seat of administration for the Chauhans till Prithviraj was defeated in 1193 A.D by Mohammad Ghori.

Then the Delhi Sultanate took over Ajmer after which the city until Emperor Akbar took the throne in 1556 and gave Ajmer the status of a full-fledged province and also made it his base for operations in Rajputana. However, this did not ensure a peaceful reign for the city. rajputs, Mughals and the Marathas all had some interest or the other in the place and left their mark each on the place.

Later, it became a favourite residence of the great Mughals. One of the first contacts between the Mughals and the British occurred in Ajmer, when Sir Thomas Roe met Jehangir here in 1616. His palace, the Daulat Bagh, is now in ruins. The celebrated English ambassador during to the Mughal court, Sir Thomas Roe, was received here by the emperor.

During the course of his extended stay, Roe met the emperor several times and showered him with gifts varying from maps to a coach. But he failed to conclude a commercial treaty between England and the Mughal empire.

In 1659 a battle was fought in Ajmer between the Mughal princes, Aurangzeb and Dara Sukoh, during which Taragarh was greatly damaged. In the first half of the 18th century, Ajmer was affected by the political chaos in Delhi. At times it was the Rathors who reigned here, at others the emperors of Delhi.

In 1755, the situation became more complex with the involvement of the Marathas.

In 1818, finally the Marathas ceded Ajmer to Sir David Ochterlony and, as part of the British empire, it remained under the care of successive superintendents.

In 1947, with the reorganization of the princely states Ajmer became a part of Rajasthan.

Fairs & Festivals of Ajmer

Urs Ajmer Sharif - 17-25th August, 2004

About the Fair

Urs Ajmer Sharif: Held in the holy town of Ajmer in honour of the Sufi saint, Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, special prayers are offered at the mosque, and huge amounts of consecrated food offered from the large, steaming cauldrons that were a gift from Akbar. While quwwallis are sung at night, the celebrations unite people of all faiths, and the complete town is decorated with buntings, and wears the spirit of festivity.

Activities

It is an occasion for thousands of believers to congregate at the shrine and offer their prayers. All of Ajmer seems to take on a festive air and several programmes are organized to mark the festivals.

Description: Dargah Bazar

Dargah Bazar

 

Places to Visit at Ajmer

Dargah

Description: Dargah Ajmer

The Dargah is the Tomb of a Sufi saint, Khwaja Muinud - din Chishti, who came to Ajmer from Persia in 1192. Construction of the shrine was completed by Humayun and the gate was added by the Nizam of Hyderabad. Akbar used to make the piligrimage to the Dargah from Agra once a year. The saint's tomb is in the centre of the second court. It has a marble dome and the actual tomb inside is surrounded by a silver platform. The tomb attaracts hundred of thousands of piligrims every year on the anniversary of the lunar calendar.

Adhai - din - ka - jhonpra

Description: Adhai - din - ka - jhonpra

According to legend, its construction, in 1153, took two and half days, as its name imdicates. It was built as a Jain college, but in 1198, Muhammad Ghori took Ajmer and converted the building into a mosque by adding a seven - arched wall in the front of the pillared hall.

Akbar Palace

Description: Akbar Palace

Back in the city, near the railway station, this fort was built by Akbar in 1570 and today houses the Ajmer Museum. The collection has some fine sculpture and a rather poor collection of Moghul and Rajput armour. The museum is closed on Friday and charges a small admission fee.

Nasiyan Temple

Description: Nasiyan Temple

The 'Red Temple' on Prithviraj Marg is a Jain Temple built last century. Its double - storey hall contains a series of large, gilt wooden figures from Jain mythology which depict the Jain concept of the ancient world. It's certainly worth a visit.

Taragarh

Description: Taragarh

Three km and a steep one and half hour climb beyond the mosque in Adhai - din - ka - jhonpra, Taragarh, or 'Star Fort' commands an excellent view over the city. The fort was the site of much military activity during Moghul times and was later used as a sansation by the British.

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How To Get To Ajmer

By Air:

 

Jaipur at 132 km is the nearest airport.

By Rail:

 

Regular train services link Ajmer with important cities. Some important train connections are:
Gujrat Mail (Mumbai-Ajmer-Delhi Sarai Rohilla)
Jodhpur Mail (Marwar-Ajmer-Jaipur)
Delhi Express(Ahmedabad-Ajmer-Jaipur)
Shatabadi Express(New Delhi-Ajmer-New Delhi).

By Road:

 

There are buses from Ajmer to Jaipur every 15 minutes, some non-stop. The 131km trip takes 2 1/2 hours.
State transport buses also go to Jodhpur, Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Kota, Bundi, Ranakpur, Bharatpur and Bikaner.
In addition, buses frequently leave for Agra and for Jaisalmer.
Also available are private buses to Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Mt Abu, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Delhi and Mumbai.