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Ujjain :: City Information

Best Travel Duration

October to March

About Ujjain

Only 56km from Indore, ancient Ujjain is one of India's holiest cities for Hindus. Ujjain is situated on the right bank of River Shipra. It is a very holy city for the Hindus, a site for the triennial Kumbha Mela. According to Hindu scriptures, it was originally called Avantika. There is an interesting tale behind the sanctity of the city. It's origin is ascribed to the mythological legend of Sagar Manthan (churning of the primordial ocean to discover the pot of nectar). The story goes that after the nectar was discovered, there was a chase between the gods and the demons to have the nectar first and thus attain immortality. During this chase a drop of nectar spilled and fell on Ujjain , thus making the city sacred.

Apart from mythological legends, the city has a long distinguished history. It was governed by the likes of Vikramaditya and Ashoka. Kalidas wrote his soul stirring poetry here. Today, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age old legacy and the modern day lifestyle.

Fairs & Festivals of Ujjain

Simhastha Kumbh Mela

About the Fair

The Simhastha Kumbh Mela is a mammoth fair held once in twelve years. The magnificence of the bathing ritual is seen at its best during this fair at Ujjain.

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Kumbh

Places to Visit at Ujjain

Mahakaleshwara Temple

Description: Mahakaleshwara Temple

The temple of Mahakaleshwara with its soaring shikhara dominates the skyline and life of Ujjain. Here, the god Shiva reigns eternal and the lingam at Mahakaleshwara, one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India, is believed to be swayambhu (born of itself), deriving its shakti or power, from within itself. Yet another unique feature of this majestic shrine is the idol which faces the south, a positioning upheld by tantric traditions and found only in Mahakaleshwara among the 12 jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwara Shiva is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine and the images of Ganesh, Parvati and Kartikeya are in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is Shiva's bull steed, Nandi. Every Mahashivratri, in the month of March, fair held near the temple.

Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir

 

Above the tank near the Mahakaleshwar Temple, the large ornate statue of Ganesh here makes this temple a popular pilgrimage spot

Chintaman Ganesh Temple

 

On the opposite bank of of the River Shipra, this temple of considerable antiquity and a popular place of pilgrimage, the idol here is believed to be self formed. The artistically carved pillars of the assembly hall date back to the Parmara Periods.

Bhartrihari Caves

 

According to legends, the caves on the banks of the river Shipra near Gadkalika Temple are where the great scholar poet Bhartrihari lived and meditated.

Vedh Shala(Observatory)

 

The stars and the skies seemed fascinating in the century too. That would perhaps explain the number of observatories that we have in India. Since the 4th century BC, Ujjain has been India's Greenwich (as far as Indian geographers were concerned), with the first meridian of longitude passing through it. Maharaja Jai Singh built one of his quirky observation here between 1725 and 1730 AD. This one is smaller than those in Jaipur or Delhi but it's still in use and quite interesting. Astrologers can purchase the complete year's astronomical ephemeris in both English and Hindi at the observatory for Rs15.

Kal Bhairava

 

The speciality of this temple is its intricate paintings in the Malwa style.

Kaliadeh Palace

 

On an island in the Shipra River, 8km north to town, is the water palace of the Mandu Sultans, constructed in 1458. River water is diverted over stone screens in the palace, and the bridge to the island uses carvings from the sun temple which once stood here. The central dome of palace is a good example of Persian architecture.

Vikram Kirti Mandir

Description: Vikram Kirti Mandir

This mandir has the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum and an art gallery. Actually ,a a cultural centre, it is dedicated to the memory of King Vikramaditya - the much honored King of Ujjain.

Gopal Mandir

 

A sanctum inlaid with marble and silver plated doors Constitute the main attraction of this temple.

Navagarha Mandir

 

The ruling planets have always had an important place in the India rituals and tradition. This temple is dedicated to the nine ruling planets (Navagraha means nine planets). It is located on the Triveni Ghat of Shipra river.

How To Get To Ujjain

By Air:

 

The nearest airport is at Indore, 55 km away, is connected by air to Bhopal, Bombay, Delhi and Gwalior.

By Rail:

 

Ujjain is an important railway station on the Western Railway network and connected with most of the major cities in India.

By Road:

 

Good motorable roads connect Ujjain with Ahmedabad (402 km), Bhopal (183 km), Bombay (655 km), Delhi (774 km), Gwalior (451 km), Indore (53 km), Khajuraho (570 km), Mandu (158 km). We would provide you all India tourist permit vehicles for the local transportations and also for the intercity drives too.