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Delhi :: City Information

Best Travel Duration

October to March

History of Delhi

Delhi, where a empire rose and fell before the dawn of history; where citadels of emperors appeared and disappeared; a city of mysterious eternity whose old ruins proclaim a majestic and imperial past and whose present pulsates vibrantly with the ever flowing life of India. The eternal Jamuna bears witness to the glorious and tumultuous 5,000 year old history of Delhi. A history which begins with the creation of Indraprastha by the Pandavas and the transformation of this barren gift of the Kauravas into an idyllic haven.

A history which encompasses all the various kings and emperors who fixed their royal citadels here- Indraprastha, Lal Kot, Quila Rai Pithora, Siri, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad, Ferozabad, Dinpanah, Delhi Sher Shahi or then Shahjahanabad. but, combined and integrated into one, these 'new cities' have always been called Delhi and howsoever many names it may have acquired, Delhi has always been intrinsically identified with power and imperial sway.

There have been at least eight cities around modern Delhi, and the old saying that whoever founds a new city at Delhi will lose it has come true every time - most recently for the British who founded New Delhi in 1911.

The historic Purana Qila, which has stood witness to Delhi's rejuvenation, periods of anarchy, and the rise & fall of empires, brings alive history of the capital. Amidst the tranquility of the splendidly panoramic environs of Purana Qila, Delhi's historic and legendary past come to life. After Shah Jahan built Red Fort the attention of administration shifted to gorgeous palaces of the fort.

Today the fort is open for the public but only limited area can be accessed. More than half of the fort area has been taken over by the Army. But even what is open to visit reminds one of the splendour and lavish life style which our rulers lived. Delhi has seen the death of many empires and resisted bloody attempts to eliminate her. Nadir Shah had ordered his soldiers to plunder and massacre Delhi. It is said that he got so much wealth from Delhi that he was not able to carry in home. Abdali and Taimur Lane were no different they had tried their best to demolish the city of Delhi but it was some kind of a boon which helped it to regain its lost glory each time Delhi was plundered.

Delhi was the focal point for the first war of independence in 1857. Though the revolt did not reach its desired conclusion, Delhi became a thorn in the eyes of the British. Not only in ancient times or the mediaeval period, Delhi has been the center of any activity at all times. As the Britishers shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi, all the activities during the freedom struggle were directed towards Delhi.

Thus, Delhi also bears the marks of the freedom struggle. The ultimate goal of the Azad Hind Fauz during the freedom struggle was to capture Delhi and established Swaraj. The slogan 'Dilli Chalo' is still used by leaders and political parties when they oraganise any rally or demonstration. It was the hosting of the tricolour at Red Fort in Delhi which marked a chapter in the history of India.

Places to Visit at Delhi

Red Fort

Description: Red Fort

The most magnificent Fort and Palace of the Mughal Empire. the Red Fore (Lal Quila) was built by Shah Jahan when he transferred his capital from Agra to Delhi. The fort was completed in 1648 after the construction of 9 years. A wall of about 2.4 km circumference built of red sandstone surrounds it. Lahore Gate the main gate of the Red Fort takes name from the fact that it faces towards Lahore, Now in Pakistan. Now a day Lahore Gate faces Chandni Chowk, the bustling and colorful market of the old city called Old Delhi.

Humayun’s Tomb

Description: Humayun’s Tomb

The senior wife of Humayun, Haji Begum in the mid 16th century, built the Humayun’s Tomb a Wonderful example of early Mughal Architecture; this red sand stone structure is considered to be the predecessor of Taj Mahal.

Qutub Minar

Description: Qutub Minar

One of the fine examples of early Afgan architecture is the Qutab Minar. The 73m high tower (tallest minaret in India) of victory that was started in 1193 and completed in 1239, immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu kingdom in Delhi.
The Iron Pillar near the Qutub Minar has not caught rust ever since it was built.

How To Get To Delhi

By Air:

 

All the major National and International Air Lines have their flights operating from Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport.

By Rail:

 

The Indian Railway with their modern and organised network connects Delhi to all major and minor destinations in India. There are three important Railway Stations in Delhi namely New Delhi Rly. Station, Old Delhi Rly. Station and Hazarat Nizamuddin Rly. Station.

By Road:

 

Delhi is well connected by road to all major destinations in North India. The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) are located at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan and Anand Vihar. Delhi Transport Corporations of the neighbouring states provide frequent bus services through Air Conditioned, Deluxe and Ordinary Coaches.