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Khajuraho :: City Information

Best Travel Duration

October to March

History of Khajuraho

Khajuraho, the temple city of central India, is famous throughout the world for its exquisitely carved temples in stones. Thousands of visitors and tourists from all over the world flock together to envisage this immortal saga of Hindu art and culture engraved in stone by shilpies (stone craftsmen) a millenia ago.

Today, apart from the temples, Khajuraho is a small village but a thousand years ago it was a large city of the Chandelas, medieval Rajput kings who ruled over Central India. Khajuraho is 595 km (370 miles) south-east of Delhi and can be visited by air, rail or road. An overnight train journey from Delhi takes the visitor to Jhansi, from where another morning train takes him to Harpalpur 85 km (53 miles) to the east.

A bus or taxi is available from here for Khajuraho which is 98 km ( 61 miles) away via Nowgong and Chattarpur. A direct bus service between Jhansi and Khajuraho which are 162 km (101 miles) apart is also available via Mau Ranipur, Nowgong and Chattarpur.

A traveller from Calcutta, Jabalpur, Varanasi and Allahabad should detrain at Satna on the Central Railway line and cover the remaining 121 km (75 miles) journey to Khajuraho by bus or taxi via Panna. Mahoba, a railway station on Jhansi-Manikpur line, 83 km (52 miles) from Khajuraho is connected by road.

 

Places to Visit at Khajuraho

Kandariya-Mahadeva temple

Description: Kandariya-Mahadeva temple

This Shaiva temple enshrining a linga is the largest and the loftiest monument of Khajuraho, measuring about 30.5 m each in length and height and 20 m in width , excluding the platform. Strikingly similar to the Vishvanatha, it is much more magnificent, and its mature plan and design, its grand dimensions and symmetrical proportions, its superb sculptural embellishment and architectural elaboration-all mark it out as the most evolved and finished achievement of the central Indian building-style and one of the sublimest creations of Indian architecture.

Lakshmana temple

Description: Lakshmana temple

This temple dedicated to Vaishnava worship is sandhara temple of the panchayatana (five-shrined) variety and is the earliest temple of Khajuraho with all the principal elements of the developed temple type, viz. entrance-porch, mandapa, maha-mandapa with transepts, vestibule and sanctum with an ambulatory and three transepts.

This is the only temple which preserves intact all the subsidiary shrines and the jagati (platform) with its mouldings and friezes, the latter showing a moving pageant of hunting and battle-scenes, processions of elephants , horses and soldiers and miscellaneous representations, including domestic and erotic scenes. It still displays the largest number of fine apsaras brackets , which form a notable features of the interior decoration of the Khajuraho temples.

Chausath-yogini temple

Description: Chausath-yogini temple

The Chausath-yogini temple , made of a coarse granite is the earliest building at Khajuraho and is situated on a low granite outcrop to the south-west of the shiva-sagar tank. The temple has an exceptional plan and design. Standing on a lofty (5.4 metres high) platform, it is an open-air quadrangular (31.4 m by 18.3 m) structure of sixty -seven peripheral shrines, of which only thirty-five have now survived.

The shrines are tiny cells, each entered by a small doorway, and are severely plain and roofed by a curvilinear sikhara of an elementary form. The shrine in the back wall, facing the entrance, is the largest and constitutes the main sanctum. A few simple mouldings on the fa├žade are all the decoration that the temple displays, but in spite of its uncouth appearance and rugged bareness, it possesses an elemental strength and reveals some basic traits of the Khajuraho style, such as a lofty platform and a jangha (wall ) divided into two registers.
Of all the yogini temples in India, this is the most primitive in contruction and unique in being quadrangular and not circular on plan. Cunningham surmised the existence of a shrine at the center of the courtyard, but excavation revealed no such evidence.

Parvati temple

Description: Parvati temple

This temple, situated immediately to the south-west of the Visvanatha, is a heavily-restored small shrine, originally comprising a sanctum and porch. The porch is completely lost and of the sanctum, only the plinth has survived. .
The doorway belongs to a Vaishnava shrine as is indicated by a Vishnu figure on the middle of the lintel, while the image in the sanctum represents Gauri with the godha (iguana) as her vehicle. Near it , facing the main road , is a hundred-year old temple built by a Maharaja of Chhatarpur.

How To Get To Khajuraho

By Air:

 

Khajuraho Air service is driect link with Delhi, Agra, Varanasi and Kathmandu.

By Rail:

 

The nearest railheads are Mahoba and Harpalpur. Jhansi is a convenient railhead for those travelling from Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai and Varanasi the railhead is Satna, on the Mumbai-Allahabad section of the Central Railway is ideal. Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Agra by train to the railheads.

By Road:

 

Khajuraho is connected by regular and direct bus services with Chhatarpur, Mahoba, Harpalpur, Satna, panna, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Sagar, Jabalpur, Indore, Bhopal, Varanasi and Allahabad.